lung pathology

if you need refreshing on the terms (a-lines, c lines etc), review the “normal lung” page.

10yo female


  • pyelonephritis
  • increasingly unwell.
  • basal crackles.

chest x-ray.

minimal changes visible.

right apex (r1)

a-lines visible. no evidence of pathology

right mid zone (posteriorly (r5)

multiple b-lines. atelectatic

right base posteriorly (r6)

patchy consolidated lung with confluent b-lines from  irregular/complex alveoli (c-lines).